Gettysburg Address

Today is the 150th anniversary of the Gettysburg Address.  There were 5 different copies of the address.

  1. The Nicolay Copy is believed to be the first draft of the speech.  This one is believed to have been made prior to the speech.
  2. The Hay is believed to be the second draft of the speech.  This one is believed to have been written shortly after the speech was given.
  3. The Everett copy was written for Edward Everett
  4. The Bancroft copy was requested by historian George Bancroft
  5. The Bliss Copy was made for Col. Alexander Bliss

The Bliss Copy is the most often reprinted copy.  The Library of Congress has the Nicolay and Hay copy on their website.

To celebrate the anniversary documentarian Ken Burns is encouraging people to record themselves reading or reciting the speech.  On the website Learn The Address they have the videos posted.  The video’s include that of President Obama who was asked by Ken Burns to read the Nicolay Copy of the address.  The Gettysburg Address Mashup and President Obama’s video can be viewed on the website and below:

To learn more about the Gettysburg Address, and see copies of the handwritten documents, visit the Google Cultural Institute or the Library of Congress Online Exhibition.

Below are a copy of the Nicolay Copy and more familiar Bliss Copy:

Nicolay Copy

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that “all men are created equal.”

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. We come to dedicate a portion of it, as a final resting place for those who died here, that the nation might live. This we may, in all propriety do.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate – we can not consecrate – we can not hallow, this ground – The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have hallowed it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here; while it can never forget what they did here.

It is rather for us, the living, we here be dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that, from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here, gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve these dead shall not have died in vain; that the nation, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Bliss Copy

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate – we can not consecrate – we can not hallow – this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.

It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom – and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Links:

Gettysburg Address (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gettysburg_Address)

Gettysburg Address online Exhibition (http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/gettysburg-address/exhibition-items.html)

Learn the Address (www.learntheaddress.org)

Gettysburg Address Mashup (http://www.learntheaddress.org/#_Yzi79zpqQA)

President Obama Gettysburg Address (http://www.learntheaddress.org/#Nm-vfxZyJwo)

Learn the Address (www.learntheaddress.org)

Lincolns Gettysburg Address (http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/exhibit/lincoln-s-gettysburg-addresses/wReow-98?position=0%2C-1)

Gettysburg Address online Exhibition (http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/gettysburg-address/exhibition-items.html)

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